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CICHLIDS FROM CENTRAL AMERICA

Salvani in courtship ritual

Description

Cichlids from Central America include those from Texas to Panama and  inclusive of Mexico. Most of these are medium large to large fishes and require spacious tanks. These cichlids are generally robust and easy to keep. They prefer neutral to slightly alkaline water of  medium hardness. 

Many of these fish are good diggers, re-arranging the aquascape as and when they like. Due to their large size and aggressiveness, they are often kept in a big tank and treated as pets. Many of them can also be interactive, recognizing their owners and behave in manners similar to domestic pets. This is probably one of the main reasons in keeping Central America Cichlids. 

Males are normally bigger, develop more elongated fins and nuchal hump on their forehead. Most of these are open substrate spawner with a few being cave spawners. Normally both parents will look after their young.

See Profile and Description of South American Cichlids

A. Thomasi
Green Terror
Heros Notatus
Uaru Amphiacanthoides

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Tropheus_obituary

 

 

 

Main Species

The various species that are of interest to aquarists include:

Guapotes, such as Nandopsis (or parachromis) Dovii, N. Managuensis, Loisellei and N. (Cichlasoma) Salvani.   

Thorichthys,  the most famous being the firemouths (T. Meeki).

Cichlasoma,  such  as C. Beani, and C. Pearsei.

Archocentrus, the most common being the Convict Cichlids (A. Nigrofasciatus) and Archocentrus Sajica (T-Bar Cichlid, T-Bar Convict)

Vieja, such as V. Argentea, V. Regani, and V. Bifasciatum

Hypsophrys, such as Hypsophrys Nicaraguensis (Nicaragua Cichlid, Parrot or Macaw Cichlid, Butterfly Cichlid)

Photo courtesy of Cichlid Forever

 

See Profile and Description of African Cichlids

Aulonocara Baenschi (Yellow Regal or Banga Peacock Cichlid)
Aulonocara Rubescens (Ruby Red Peacock)
C. Frontosa
Cyrtocara Moorii (Blue Dolphin)
Haplochromis Venustus
Peacock Cichlids
Pseudotropheus Demasoni
Pseudotropheus Zebra (Cobalt Blue)
Red Moliro Tropheus
Sciaenochromis fryeri
T. Buttikoferi
Tropheus Duboisi
Tropheus Pemba

 

Profiles

Profile and Description of some Central America Cichlids :

Amphilophus Citrinellus (Red Devil)
Archocentrus Nigrofasciatus (Convict cichlid)
Archocentrus Sajica
Blue Dempesy (Cichlasoma Octofasciatum)
Hypsophrs Nicaraguensis (nicaragua ciichlid)
Nandopsis Salvani
Parachromis Loisellei
Thorichthys Meeki (Firemouth cichlid)
Vieja Argentea
Vieja Bifasciatum (Red Head Monk)

Click for profile and description of Amphilophus Citrinellus

Red Devil Cichlid (Amphilophus Citrinellus)

Click for Profile and Description of Convict Cichlids

Convict Cichlid (Archocentrus Nigrofasciatus)

Description & Profile of Fire Mouth

Firemouth (T. Meeki)

Description & Profile of Salvani

(Cichlasoma) Salvani

Description & Profile of Vieja Argentea

V. Argentea

Click for description of Loseillei

Parachromis Lossellei

Description and Profile of Hypsophrys Nicaragua Cichlid, parrot, Macaw or Butterly cichlid

Hypsophrys Nicaraguensis (Nicaragua Cichlid, Parrot or Macaw Cichlid, Butterfly Cichlid)

Description & Profile of Bifasciatum

V. Bifasciatum

Description and Profile of Sajica Cichlid

Archocentrus Sajica (T-Bar Cichlid, T-Bar Convict)


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Last update : 16 Mar 2014

Established since June 2001 

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